Elections | Scholastic
Election Cain Campaigns for Gingrich. Former candidate meets voters in Tennessee Scholastic News Kid Reporters are on the campaign trail! Keep up . Election Nikki Haley Campaigns for Romney. South Carolina Governor meets voters in Michigan Party opened the doors to presidential candidate Mitt Romney's Ann Arbor campaign office. NEWS FOR KIDS, BY KIDS events, movies, television, music, sports, and more from the Scholastic Kids Press Corps. Elections for Kids - gtfd.info • Scholastic Election - gtfd.info where voters meet in groups to discuss the candidates and debate the issues before.
For example, the government may allow opposition candidates and parties to run for office. But the government controls all the news media. Thus the opposition cannot get its message out to voters. Most countries hold elections even when it is apparent the elections are not free or fair.
They do so because an elected official is seen as having been given a mandate bestowed with the authority to lead or to represent the electorate. In the modern age, elections are essential to the appearance of lawful rule. Even the most feared and cruel dictators hold elections to try to prove to their own people and the outside world that their leadership is legitimate. Besides governments, many organizations hold elections. In the United States, political parties and labor unions choose their leaders through elections.
So do a variety of associations, from local social clubs to business and political groups.
Election 2012: Nikki Haley Campaigns for Romney
Corporations choose their boards of directors by election, but with a special rule. Instead of each person casting one vote, stockholders have one vote for each share of stock they own. States generally adopt the same rules and practices. This reduces costs and avoids the complexity of having two different systems.
For example, most states and cities hold their elections the same day as federal elections. The electoral process begins with the selection of candidates. It ends with the casting of votes on Election Day. For more information on voting procedures, see the article Voting. They are an important feature of the American political system. The two major parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. They nominate most of the candidates who run for public office in the United States.
There are also minor parties, or third parties. Many minor parties promote a single cause or issue. In most elections, each major party selects a candidate. The party supports that candidate with money, advice, and publicity. Candidates for major federal and state offices, including U. Candidates for judge and for many local government offices often run without any party identification.
These are known as nonpartisan races. But they must meet certain requirements to run for various offices.
According to the U. Constitution, to serve in the U. House of Representatives a candidate must have been a U. To serve in the U. Senate, a candidate must have been a U.
To become president of the United States, a candidate must have lived in the country for at least 14 years, be a natural-born U. Usually, any person who wants to run for an elective office must show a minimum amount of public support. He or she may have to collect a number of signatures of registered voters to appear on the ballot. In the most important national and state elections, the candidates from one party compete with each other in a primary election.
The primary determines who will represent the party in the general election. Primaries are usually held a few months before the general election. Primary elections fall into two main categories.
Election 2012: Primaries: January - Februray
In a closed primary, only voters registered with the party can vote in that party's primary. More common is the open primary. Voters can participate in an open primary even if they are not registered with that party. For some positions, candidates are chosen by party caucuses. A caucus is a gathering of voters from the same party at the local level. These gatherings have the authority to select the party's candidates.
In the case of presidential nominations, states send representatives called delegates to each party's presidential convention. At the convention, the delegates agree on a final candidate. They also publicly demonstrate their support for that candidate. This is when Americans vote for the president and vice president and members of Congress.Chester Student's Union Election Candidates...
In some states Election Day is a holiday. State and local elections are also usually held that day. A candidate who receives a majority of the votes in the general election is usually declared the winner. But sometimes there may be three or more strong candidates. Then no one may receive a majority of votes.
In such a situation, a runoff election may be held several weeks later. The two candidates who received the most votes run against each other again. The candidate who receives the majority of the votes is declared the winner.
Election Primaries: January - Februray | News For Kids, By Kids | gtfd.info
There are several types of elections in addition to primary, general, and runoff elections. Special elections may be held to fill an office whose occupant has died, resigned, or been recalled. An issues election, called a referendum, may be held to decide whether to accept or reject a piece of legislation.
A recall election may be held to decide whether an office holder should be removed from office. If the recall election succeeds in removing the elected official, the office may be filled by appointment by the president or governor or by a special election. The choice of that time of year dates from the days when America was largely an agricultural society.
Farmers were unable to take time to vote until the fall, after the harvests had been gathered. In the United States, presidential elections are held every four years. Congressional elections are held every two years, in even-numbered years. There are state elections for governors and other statewide officers. The term of an American governor varies with the individual state. It may be two or four years. The state legislatures are also elected at regular intervals.
Read on for my favorite online and offline resources for young critical thinkers ready to participate in the democratic process. The site has badges and a polling place diagram for voter clerks, judges, inspectors, and marshals. To find out what is needed in your state to register to vote, or to learn where to vote, see Rock the Vote. No Hanging Chads Here Forget cutting up those little ballots this election year and check out MicroPoll free for all or Poll Everywhere free for one teacher and 40 students.
Their Vote Is Their Business!
Avoid polling place bullies by explaining that your classroom polling place is an electioneering-free zone. To make privacy a priority, place each iPad, laptop, or voting device on a desk flanked by a voting curtain aka cheap shower curtain.
- Election Resources for Elementary Students
- Election 2012
- Election 2012: The General Election Campaign
Use 3M removable adhesive hooks to hang white shower curtains from school ceilings. Gussy up curtains with small American flags, clusters of red, white, and blue balloons, and patriotic bunting or bows. Give Them Something to Talk About Make sure your children are sharing their thoughts with parents and other family members: