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For other uses, see Gandhi (disambiguation)., Mahatma Gandhi. bride was to spend much time at her parents' house, and away from her husband. of her, and the thought of nightfall and our subsequent meeting was ever haunting me. .. on the Indian princes and Indian minorities rather than on a transfer of power. In this website of the great social reformer - Mahatma Phule, contempory of KARL MAHATMA JYOTIRAO GOVINDRAO PHULE occupies a unique position . On 24th September, , Jyotirao convened a meeting of his followers and . He requested the Duke of Connaught who was a grandson of Queen Victoria to. Initially known as Kunwar (prince), Man Singh received the title of Mirza [Raja] .. Shah (–), Ayyankali () and Jyotirao Phule (–). Mohandas Gandhi's title "Mahatma" According to Rabindranath Tagore is said to . the "Connaught Dam" on Lake Dewali to mark the visit of Duke of Connaught, .
Widow remarriages were banned and child-marriage was very common among the Brahmin and other upper castes in the then Hindu society. Many widows were young and not all of them could live in a manner in which the orthodox people expected them to live. Some of the delinquent widows resorted to abortion or left their illegitimate children to their fate by leaving them on the streets. Out of pity for the orphans, jotirao Phule established an orphanage, possible the first such institution founded by a Hindu.
Jotirao gave protection to pregnant widows and assured them that the orphanage would take care of their children. It was in this orphanage run by Jotirao that a Brahmin widow gave birth to a boy in and Jotirao adopted him as his son. For sometime, Jotirao worked as a contractor for the government and supplied building material required for the construction of a huge barrage at Khadakvasala near Poona.
He had a direct experience of working with the officials of the Public Works Department which was notorious as a hotbed of corruption. Except the British officers holding very high positions in the Department.
Jotirao felt in necessary to explain to the workers how they were duped by the Brahmin officials.
Hari Raoji Chiplunkar - WikiVisually
In his controversial book called Slavery published in JuneJotirao included a manifesto which declared that he was willing to dine with all regardless of their caste, creed or country of origin.
It is significant that several newspapers refused to give publicity to the manifesto because of its contents. The book is written in the form of a dialogue. After tracing the history of the Brahmin domination in India, Jotirao examined the motives and objects of cruel and inhuman laws framed by the brahmins. Their main object in fabricating these fasehoods was to dupe the minds of the ignorant and rivet firmly on them the chains of perpetual bondage and slavery which their selfishness and cunning had forged, The severity of the laws as affecting the Sudras and the intense hatred with which they were regarded by the Brahmins can be explained on no other supposition but that there was, originally between the two, a deadly feud arising from the advent of the latter in to this land.
On 24 SeptemberJotirao convened a meeting of his followers and admirers and it was decided to form the 'Satya Shodhak Samaj' Society of Seekers of Truth with Jotirao as its first president and treasurer. Every member had to take pledge of loyalty to the British Empire. The main objectives of the organisation were to liberate the Shudras and Ati Shudras and to prevent their exploitation by the Brahmins.
All the members of the Satya Shodhak Samaj were expected to treat all human being as children of God and worship the Creator without the help of any mediator.
Membership was open to all and the available evidence proves that some Jews were admitted as members. Jotirao refused to regard the Vedas as sacrosanct. He opposed idolatry and denounced the chaturvarnya. In his book Sarvajanik Satya Dharma Pustak published inhis views on religious and social issues are given in the form of a dialogue. According to him,both men and women were entitled to enjoy equal rights and it was a sin to discriminate between human being on the basis of sex.
He stressed the unity of man and envisaged a society based on liberty, equality and fraternity. He was aware that religious bigotry and aggressive natioalism destroy the unity of man.
In Jotirao was nominated as a member of the Poona Municipality, He tried to help the people in the famine-stricken areas of Maharashtra when a severe famine in forced people in the rural area to leave their villages.
Some of them had to leave their children behind and appeal issued on 17 May by Jotirao indicates that the Victoria Orphanage was founded under the auspices of the Satya Shodhak Samaj to took after these unfortunate children. From the beginning of the year Krishnarao Bhalekar, one of his colleagues, edited a weekly called Deenbandhu which was the organ f the Satya Shodhak Samaj.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule
The weekly articulated the grievances of the peasants and workers. Deenbandhu defended Jotirao when Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, a powerful spokesmen of the conservative nationalists, attacked Jotirao's writing in the most vitriolic style.
Narayan Meghaji Lokhande was another prominent colleague of Jotirao, Lokhande is acclaimed as the Father of Trade Union Movement in India From onward, he look over the management of Deenbabdhu which published from Bombay. Jotirao also addressed the meetings of the textile workers in Bombay.
It is significant that before and his colleagues Bhalekar and Lokhande tried to organise the peasants and the workers, no such attempt was made by any organisation to redress their grievances. One of the charges levelled by Jotirao against the leaders of the Brahmo Samaj and the Prarthana Samaj, the Sarvajanik Sabha and the Indian National Congress was that despite their programmes, in reality, they did very little to improve the lot of the masses.
He felt that these organisations were dominated by the Brahmins and were not truly representative in character. Addressing their leaders he declared, 'We don't need the help of your organisations. He warnhat the persistent demand made by these organisation for Indianisation of the administrative services, if accepted, would lead to Brahminisation of the service in India.
He thought that it was difficult to create a sense of nationality so long as the restriction on dining and marrying outside the caste continued to observed by people belonging to different castes.
Education of the masses would promote the process of nation-making. It should be remembered that just as Jotirao did not mince words when he criticised the leaders of tormist movement he was equally fearless in criticising the decision of the alien rulers which did not contribute to the welfare of the masses. When the government wanted to grant more licences for liquor-shop, Jotirao condemned this move as he believed that addiction to liquor would ruin many poor families.
On 30 Novemberthe President of the Poona Municipality requested the members of approve his proposal of spending one thousand rupees on the occasion of the visit of Lord Lytton, the Governor-General of India. The official wanted to present him an address during his visit to Poona.
Lytton had passed an Act which resulted in gagging the press and Deenbandhu, the organ of the Satya Shodhak Samaj, had protested against the restriction on the right to freedom of the press. Jotirao did not like the idea of spending the money of the tax- payers in honouring a guest like Lytton.
Hari Raoji Chiplunkar
He boldly suggested that the amount could be very well spent on the education of the poor people in poona. He was the only member out of all the thirty-two nominated members of the Poona Municipality who voted against the official resolution. Another incident also revealed his attachment for the poor peasant and his courage in drawing the attention of member of the British royal family to the sufferings of the framers in rural areas, On 2 MarchHari Raoji Chiplunkar, a friend of Jotirao, arranged a function in honour of the Duke and Duchess of Connaught.
Dressed like a peasant, Jotirao attended the function and made a speech. He encouraged private investment in the industry during his tenure as Diwan of Mysore and he was instrumental in charting out the plan for road construction between Tirumala and Tirupati. He was known for sincerity, time management and dedication to a cause, the Bangalore Press and the Mysore Bank were established during his tenure.
A very important part of his nature was his love for his mother tongue and he set up the Kannada Parishat for the upliftment of Kannada 3. Fergusson College — Fergusson College is a degree college in western India, situated in the city of Pune. It was founded in by the Deccan Education Society and was the first privately governed college in India, Professor Vaman Shivram Apte was the first principal of the college.
Social reformer, journalist, thinker and educationist Gopal Ganesh Agarkar served as the principal of the college from August till his death in June The college is named after Scottish born Sir James Fergusson, the Governor of Bombay, sincethe college has been under the jurisdiction of the University of Pune. The college has two sections, The Junior Wing of the college is for graduating from school. Courses are offered in Arts and Science streams, at the end of students may appear for the Higher-Secondary State Certificate examination.
The college also offers doctoral and vocational programs, Fergusson College is known for its close association with Indian politics. Its founders were amongst the pioneers of the Indian National Congress, as well as Hindu Nationalism, the college has produced, amongst several ministers and legislators, two Indian Prime Ministers. Fergusson college was among the 19 colleges to get a tag by the central government.
The college will receive the financial help grom UGC for the conservation of campus, the acre campus of the college is located in the heart of the city. It provides athletic and cultural facilities, as well as facilities for more than six hundred students. After the Revolt ofIndian luminaries of that saw a pressing need to modernise the education system to fight against British imperialism by democratic means.
An area of 37 acres of land were donated for one rupee on a year lease by Shirole, the college was inaugurated by William Wordsworth, the grandson of the famous poet and principal of Elphinstone College in Bombay.
The British colonial Government in Bombay allowed the college to remain autonomous, inthe college completed fifty years of existence. Mahatma Gandhi, in a message to then Principal Dr.
Dharmashastra 4a: Mahatma Phule
Mahajani wrote, Post, Fergusson College has produced leaders in the fields of politics, academia, literature, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Indias first president, was the chief guest of the platinum jubilee function 4. Jyotirao Phule — Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was an Indian activist, thinker, social reformer and writer from Maharashtra.
His work extended to many fields including eradication of untouchability and the system, womens emancipation. In SeptemberPhule, along with his followers, formed the Satyashodhak Samaj to attain rights for peasants. Phule is regarded as an important figure of the Social Reform Movement in Maharashtra and he and his wife, Savitribai Phule, were pioneers of womens education in India.
He is most known for his efforts to educate women and the lower castes and he opened the first school for girls in India in August Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was born into a virtually illiterate family that belonged to the Mali caste of gardeners, the original surname of the family had been Gorhay, and they hailed from Katgun, a village in Khatav taluka of Satara District.
Phules grandfather, Shetiba Gorhay, had settled in Pune and prospered after starting a business of selling flowers, garlands and flower arrangements for religious, the family owned some farmland as well as a shop in the city. Since Phules father and two uncles served as florists under the last of the Peshwas, whose patronage they enjoyed, Phules father, Govindrao, carried on the family business along with his brothers. His mother, Chimnabai, died when he was nine months old.
The Mali community did not set much store by education, and after attending school to learn the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic. He joined the menfolk of his family at work, both in the shop and the farm, Jyotirao completed his English schooling in As per custom, he was married young, at the age of 13, to a girl of his own community, the turning point in his life was inwhen he attended the wedding of a friend, who was a Brahmin.
Phule participated in the marriage procession, but was later rebuked and insulted by his friends parents for doing that.Little Fockers - The Godfocker
They told him that he being from a lower caste should have had the sense to keep away from that ceremony and this incident profoundly affected Phule on the injustice of the caste system. In the same year he visited the first girls school in Ahmadnagar run by Christian missionaries.
It was also in that Young Jyotiba read Thomas Paines book Rights of Man and he realized that lower castes and women were at a disadvantage in Indian society, and also that education of these sections was vital to their emancipation. By the age of 22, Jotirao Phule had taught his wife, Phule believed in overthrowing the social system in which people had been deliberately made dependent on others, illiterate, ignorant and poor, with a view to exploiting them.
To him blind faith eradication formed part of a broad socioeconomic transformation and this was his strategy for ending exploitation of human beings 5. Along with her husband, Jyotirao Phule, she played an important role in improving womens rights in India during British rule, Phule along with her husband founded the first girls school run by native Indians at Bhide Wada in Pune in She worked very hard to abolish discrimination and unfair treatment of people based on caste and she is regarded as an important figure of the social reform movement in Maharashtra.
Savitribai Phule was born in in Naigaon, Maharashtra, at the age of nine, she was married to twelve-year-old Jyotirao Phule in Savitribai and Jyotirao had no children of their own, however, she and her husband adopted Yashavantrao, a son born to a widowed Brahmin. The clinic was established at Sasane Mala, Hadapsar, near Pune, Savitribai personally took patients to the clinic where her son served them. While caring for the patients, she contracted the disease herself and she died from it on 10 March while serving a plague patient.
Savitribai Phule wrote many poems against discrimination and advised to get educated, two books of her poems were published posthumously, Kavya Phule and Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar. The Government of Maharashtra has instituted an award in her name to recognize women social reformers, inthe University of Pune was renamed as Savitribai Phule Pune University in her honour.
On 10 March a stamp was released by India Post in honour of Phule, on 3 Januarythe search engine Google marked the th anniversary of the birth of Savitribhai Phule with a Google doodle. At the same time, he was granted the subsidiary title of Earl of Sussex.