High five for Draupadi - Times of India
Ray's Draupadi questions her pre-destined role as the agent of the preservation to feel extremely insecure on learning about Arjuna's marriage to Subhadra. Draupadi's relationship with the Pandavas is complex and at the heart of the Mahabharat. 1. Draupadi and Arjuna: Let's jump right in with the most important. No questions asked. Draupadi shows us Bhima's human side. He is a savage. Draupadi is a central character in the story and her relationship with her husbands is also On the way back from the court, Bhima and Arjuna decided to play a prank on their mother . Related Topics for Further Investigation.
In order to provoke the Pandavas further, Duryodhana bares and pats his thigh looking into Draupadi's eyes, implying that she should sit on his thigh. In rage Bhima vows in front of the entire assembly that he would break that thigh of Duryodhana, or accept being Duryodhana's slave for seven lifetimes.
At this time Vikarnaa brother of Duryodhana asks the kings assembled in the court to answer the question of Draupadi. He gives his opinion that Draupadi is not won rightfully as Yudhishthira lost himself first before staking her.
Besides, no one has right to put a woman on bet according to shastras; not a husband, father, or even the gods. Hearing these words, Karna gets angry and says that when Yudhishthira lost all his possession he also lost Draupadi, even specifically staking her. He orders Dushasana to take away the rich garments of Pandavas and Draupadi. A miracle occurs henceforward, which is popularly attributed to Krishna. Dushasana unwraps layers and layers of her sari. As her sari keeps getting extended, everyone looks upon in awe, and Dushasana himself is forced to stop due to exhaustion.
Arjuna - Wikipedia
This vow unsettles the entire court. The only Kauravas who object to the disrobing of Draupadi in the court are Vikarna and Vidura. Vidura openly calls Duryodhana a snake and a demon, but after finding no support even from his own brother, Vidura is helpless.
Karna further orders Dushasana to take Draupadi to the servants' quarters and derisively asks her to choose another husband who unlike Yudhistira would not gamble her away.
Just then, jackals call out as a mark of evil omen. Queen mother Gandhari enters the scene and counsels Dhritarashtra to undo her sons' misdeeds. Fearing the ill-omens, Dhritarashtra intervenes and grants Draupadi a boon. Draupadi asks that her husband Yudisthir be freed from bondage so her son Prativindhya would not be called a slave.
In order to pacify her further, Dhritarashtra offers a second boon. Calmly, she asks for the freedom of the Pandavas along with their weapons. When Dhritarashtra asks her for her third wish, she reminds him that a kshatriya woman can seek only two wishes, three would be a sign of greed. Dhristarashtra gives them back their wealth, and grants them permission to go home.
Amused by the sudden turn of events, Karna remarks that they "have never heard of such an act, performed by any of the women noted in this world for their beauty. Yudhishtira yet again accepts the invitation and loses, and goes on an exile with his brothers and wife Draupadi.
Living in exile[ edit ] Abduction by Jayadratha[ edit ] Draupadi taken to forest by Simhika, who plans to kill her While the Pandavas were in the Kamyaka forest, they often went hunting, leaving Draupadi alone. At this time Jayadrathathe son of Vriddhakshatra and the husband of Duryodhana's sister Dussalapassed through Kamyaka forest on the way to Salwa Desa.
Jayadratha met Draupadi and then started beseeching her to go away with him and desert her husbands. Draupadi pointed out the immorality of deserting one's spouses when they were in difficulty, and attempted to stall and dissuade Jayadradtha by describing how the Pandavas would punish him.
Failing with words, Jayadratha forced her onto his chariot. Meanwhile, the Pandavas finished their hunt and found Draupadi missing. Learning of their wife's abduction by Jayadratha they rushed to save her. On seeing the Pandavas coming after him, Jayadratha left Draupadi on the road, though ultimately the Pandavas managed to arrest him.
Yudhishthira urged Bhima to spare Jayadratha's life for the sake of Dussala and Gandharimuch to the indignation of Draupadi. In some versions of the story, Yudhishthira asks Draupadi to pass the sentence since it was she who was attacked, and she begrudgingly counsels to spare him because of the relations they share.
Yudhisthira, Bhima, Arjuna and Draupadi
Before freeing him, the Pandavas shaved Jayadratha's head at five places in order to publicly humiliate him. One day Kichakaand the commander of king Virata 's forces, happened to see Draupadi. He was filled with lust by looking at her and requested her hand in marriage. Draupadi refused him, saying that she was already married to Gandharvas.
She warned Kichaka that her husbands were very strong and that he would not be able to escape death at their hands. Later, he forced his sister, the queen Sudeshnato help him win Draupadi.
Sudeshana ordered Draupadi to fetch wine from Kichaka's house, overriding Draupadi's protests. When Draupadi went to get wine, Kichaka tried to molest her.
Draupadi escaped and runs into the court of Virata. Kichaka kicked her in front of all the courtiers, including Yudhishthira. Fearful of losing his most powerful warrior, even Virat did not take any action. Bhima is present, and only a look from Yudhishthira prevents him from attacking Kichaka. Furious, Draupadi asked about the duties of a king and dharma.
Draupadi then cursed Kichaka with death by her husband's hand. Laughing it off, Kichaka only doubted their whereabouts and asked those present where the Ghandaravas were. Yudhishthira then told Sairandhri to go to the templeas Kichaka would not do anything to her there in some versions, he recommends she seeks refuge with the queen. With this, the king asked Kichaka to leave and praised Yudhishthira's reply as he himself could not think of anything. Later that night, Arjuna consoled Draupadi, and with Bhima, they hatched a plan to kill Kichaka.
Draupadi meets with Kichaka, pretending to actually love him and agreeing to marry him on the condition that none of his friends or brothers would know about their relationship. Accordingly, Arjuna disguised himself as a "yati" and stayed at Krishna's palace.
Understanding Draupadi as a paragon of gender and resistance
Arjuna fell in love with Subhadra and desired to marry her. Because Balarama had already promised Subhadra to his favorite disciple, DuryodhanaKrishna advised Arjuna to kidnap Subhadra.
Balarama became furious upon learning of the abduction but is pacified by Krishna, after he showed that the wedding rein was in Sudhadra's hand, which showed her consent. The couple stayed in Dwaraka for a year, and then another year in Pushkar. However, Draupadi had made it clear that no other Pandava wife would be allowed to stay in her city, so Arjuna, as per Krishna's advice, tricked Draupadi into meeting Subhadra as a milkmaid.
Draupadi realised she had been tricked, but she forgave Subhadra and let her stay in Indra-prastha, allowing her to give company to Arjuna in the four years when he was not with Draupadi. In due course, Arjuna and Subhadra gave birth to a son, Abhimanyu. Arjuna was sent north by Yudhishthira to subjugate kingdoms for the Rajasuya Yagyaso that he could be crowned Emperor of Indraprastha.
The Mahabharata mentions several kingdoms to the east of Indraprastha which were conquered or otherwise peacefully bent-the-knee by Arjuna. Bhagadatta was also a great friend of Pandu. Exile[ edit ] After Yudhishthira succumbed to Shakuni 's challenge in the game of dicethe Pandavas were forced to be in exile for 13 years, which included one year in anonymity.
Penance for Pashupatastra[ edit ] Kiratarjuniya After the battle at Khandava Indra had promised Arjuna to give him all his weapons as a boon for matching him in battle with the requirement that Shiva is pleased with him. Following the advice of Sage Vyasa to go on a meditation or "tapasya" to attain this divine weaponArjuna left his brothers for a penance. Arjuna traveled for a while before reaching the mountain Indra keeladri, Vijayawada.
Here he sat in meditation in the name of Lord Shiva. Shiva appeared soon enough in the guise of a hunterwho challenged Arjuna to a fight.
While being thoroughly dominated by Shiva, Arjuna became confused as to how an ordinary hunter could beat a warrior like himself. He prays to Shiva for strength, and then sees the offerings he made to Shiva around the hunter's neck. Shiva was very pleased with the bravery and prowess of the prince. Consequently, Shiva transformed himself to show his real avatar and blessed Arjuna with the Pashupatastra. Shiva lectures Arjuna on the abilities of the weapon, as well as the judgement he must use while wielding it.
After Shiva left the Lokapalas appeared before Arjuna and then KuberaYamaand Varuna also blessed each of their potent weapons to Arjuna. Indra then invited his son to his palace in heaven.
Arjuna was amazed at the splendor of his father's palace at Amaravati.
Dancers like UrvashiTilottamaRambha and Menaka entertained him. There was a huge banquet serving different varieties of heavenly dishes. Arjuna learnt song and dance from the Gandharva, Chitrasena and Indra himself taught him all the divine weapons and also gave him his Vajra.
However, Arjuna refused her advances, alleging that he had heard of her relationship with his ancestor Pururava, and hence she had the status of a mother, equal in respect to Kunti. On Indra's request, and regretting her anger, Urvashi reduced her curse to a period of one year of Arjuna's choice. In some versions of the story, Urvashi curses Arjuna with womanhood, but always reduces the curse to a year's length.
Nivata-kavachas and Hiranyapura[ edit ] Arjuna gets the opportunity to test his skill when Indra asked him to defeat his enemy as the price of his training. Arjuna was taken to the palace of the Nivata-kavachas, a tribe of Rakshasas who had a magnificent palace under the oceans.
Arjuna used the Mohini-astra and the Madhava-astra to demolish these asuras. He was also taken to Hiranyapuraa palace in the sky created by a witch Puloma and his asura tribe of the Kalakanjas. Here Arjuna uses the Raudra-astra and annihilates the demons.
There, he openly questions why, if Rama had been such a great archerhe hadn't simply built the bridge out of arrows. Angered at Arjuna's tone and his apparent questioning of Rama's prowess, Hanuman confronts Arjuna in the form of an ordinary monkey and challenges him to prove his superiority by building a bridge of arrows that could bear his Hanuman's weight. It was at this time he describes her beauty, which shows how much he adored her.
She is not too short, nor is she too large; nor is she too dark nor is her complexion red. She has eyes reddened from passion. I will stake her—whose eyes and fragrance are like autumnal lotuses. Attached to modesty, she is, in beauty, equal to Sri, the goddess of beauty.
Were a man to desire a woman, she would be like this one, on account of her kindness; she would be like this one, on account of her beautiful figure; she would be like this one, on account of her perfect character. She is the last to sleep and first to awaken. She knows everything, down to the jobs both completed and not yet done by the cowherds and shepherds. Like the jasmine flower, the mallika is she; with her perspiring face she appears similar to a lotus.
She has red eyes, long hair, a waist as slender as the sacrificial altar, and a body with no excessive hair. Bhawalkar 22, Sutherland 65, Hiltebeitel She constantly complained to Yudhisthira for the treatment she had received at the hands of the Kauravas Sutherland Yudhisthira explained to her that since anger is a root of total ruin and the destroyer of men, it would be unbecoming of him Bhawalkar During their exile Yudhisthira used to help Draupadi in the kitchen to cook food for the Brahmins, thus spending time with her and helping her Bhawalkar Yudhisthira was always the counselor and not the protector for Draupadi Bhawalkar He never protected her because he always followed the path of righteousness and did not believe in revenge Bhawalkar Even though he was strong he always felt incapable of keeping Draupadi safe from danger Bhawalkar As well, he was the one always following the course of dharma, which prevented Bhima and Arjuna to exact immediate revenge for Draupadi Sutherland 69, Draupadi had a very special relationship with Bhima.
She looked up to him as her defender because of his strength Sutherland