gtfd.info - Memes - WAS KARL MARX NIST?? The Communist lanikesto Karl Marx Friedrich Engels
91 quotes from Friedrich Engels: 'An ounce of action is worth a ton of theory.', 'If there were tags: agnosticism, engels, marx, marxism, science · 37 likes · Like. 20 Revolutionary Communist Memes That Have No Class. These memes will make you want to quit Stalin and overthrow capitalism right Mao. Share. Tweet. 2 Disputed; 3 Misattributed; 4 Quotes about Marx; 5 External links Thus, by changing the basis upon which the present economic relations rest, by abolishing.
- Friedrich Engels
A class of labourers, who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only so long as their labour increase capital. These labourers, who must sell themselves piecemeal, are a commodity, like every other article of commerce, and are consequently exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market. Section 1, paragraph 30, lines He becomes an appendage of the machine, and it is only the most simple, most monotonous, and most easily acquired knack, that is required of him.
Hence, the cost of production of a workman is restricted, almost entirely, to the means of subsistence that he requires for his maintenance, and for the propagation of his race. Section 1, paragraph 31, lines No sooner is the exploitation of the labourer by the manufacturer, so far, at an end, that he receives his wages in cash, than he is set upon by the other portions of the bourgeoisie, the landlord, the shopkeeper, the pawnbroker, etc.
Section 1, paragraph But every class struggle is a political struggle. Section 1, paragraph 39, lines Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. Section 1, paragraph 44, lines Law, morality, religion, are to him so many bourgeois prejudices, behind which lurk in ambush just as many bourgeois interests. Section 1, paragraph 47, lines What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave-diggers.
Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable. Section 1, paragraph 53, lines The theory of Communism may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. Section 2, paragraph All that we want to do away with is the miserable character of this appropriation, under which the labourer lives merely to increase capitaland allowed to live only so far as the interest to the ruling class requires it. Section 2, paragraph 20, lines Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labour of others by means of such appropriation.
The working men have no country. We cannot take away from them what they have not got. Section 2, paragraph 51, lines When people speak of ideas that revolutionize society, they do but express the fact that within the old society, the elements of a new one have been created, and that the dissolution of the old ideas keeps even pace with the dissolution of the old conditions of existence.
The Communist revolution is the most radical rupture with traditional property relations; no wonder that its development involves the most radical rupture with traditional ideas. In place of the bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, shall we have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all. Section 2, paragraph 72 last paragraph. In political practice, therefore, they join in all coercive measures against the working class;and in ordinary life, despite the high-falutin phrases, they stoop to pick up the golden apples, and to barter truth, love, and honour for traffic in wool, beet-root sugar, and potato spirits.
Section 3, paragraph 9. The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions.
Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. Section 4, paragraph 11 last paragraph Variant translation: Workers of the world, unite! The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte [ edit ] Hegel remarks somewhere that all great world-historic facts and personages appear, so to speak, twice.
He forgot to add: Der 18te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon — Full text online. Hegel remarks somewhere that all great world-historic facts and personages appear, so to speak, twice. This has been compared to Horace Walpole 's statement: Hegel remarks somewhere that all facts and personages of great importance in world history occur, as it were, twice. Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; they do not make it under self-selected circumstances, but under circumstances existing already, given and transmitted from the past.
The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living. And just as they seem to be occupied with revolutionizing themselves and things, creating something that did not exist before, precisely in such epochs of revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure up the spirits of the past to their service, borrowing from them names, battle slogans, and costumes in order to present this new scene in world history in time-honored disguise and borrowed language.
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Thus Luther put on the mask of the Apostle Paulthe Revolution of draped itself alternately in the guise of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and the Revolution of knew nothing better to do than to parody, nownow the revolutionary tradition of In like manner, the beginner who has learned a new language always translates it back into his mother tongue, but he assimilates the spirit of the new language and expresses himself freely in it only when he moves in it without recalling the old and when he forgets his native tongue.
When we think about this conjuring up of the dead of world history, a salient difference reveals itself. Camille DesmoulinsDantonRobespierreSt. JustNapoleonthe heroes as well as the parties and the masses of the old French Revolution, performed the task of their time — that of unchaining and establishing modern bourgeois society — in Roman costumes and with Roman phrases.
The most developed machinery thus forces the worker to work longer than the savage does, or than he himself did with the simplest, crudest tools. The industrial peak of a people when its main concern is not yet gain, but rather to gain.
Consumption is also immediately production, just as in nature the consumption of the elements and chemical substances is the production of the plant. No production without a need. But consumption reproduces the need. The object of art — like every other product — creates a public which is sensitive to art and enjoys beauty. The individual produces an object and, by consuming it, returns to himself, but returns as a productive and self reproducing individual.
Consumption thus appears as a moment of production. But there is a devil of a difference between barbarians who are fit by nature to be used for anything, and civilized people who apply them selves to everything. The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later to the transformation of the whole immense superstructure.
Marx, Preface to the Critique of Political Economy In studying such transformations it is always necessary to distinguish between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production, which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, artistic or philosophic — in short, ideological forms in which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out.
Marx, Preface to the Critique of Political Economy No social order is ever destroyed before all the productive forces for which it is sufficient have been developed, and new superior relations of production never replace older ones before the material conditions for their existence have matured within the framework of the old society.
Mankind thus inevitably sets itself only such tasks as it is able to solve, since closer examination will always show that the problem itself arises only when the material conditions for its solution are already present or at least in the course of formation. Marx, Preface to the Critique of Political Economy There is in every social formation a particular branch of production which determines the position and importance of all the others, and the relations obtaining in this branch accordingly determine the relations of all other branches as well.
It is as though light of a particular hue were cast upon everything, tingeing all other colours and modifying their specific features. By party, I meant the party in the broad historical sense.
Marx, Letter to Freiligrath, 29 February A philosopher produces ideas, a poet poems, a clergyman sermons, a professor compendia and so on. A criminal produces crimes. If we take a closer look at the connection between this latter branch of production and society as a whole, we shall rid ourselves of many prejudices.
Marx, Theories of Surplus Value All economists share the error of examining surplus-value not as such, in its pure form, but in the particular forms of profit and rent. I cannot go to Geneva. I consider that what I am doing through this work is far more important for the working class than anything I might be able to do personally at any Congress. Marx, Letter to Kugelmann The wealth of those societies in which the capitalist mode of production prevails, presents itself as "an immense accumulation of commodities," its unit being a single commodity.
Our investigation must therefore begin with the analysis of a commodity. Marx, Capital, Volume I, Chapter One The different proportions in which different sorts of labour are reduced to unskilled labour as their standard, are established by a social process that goes on behind the backs of the producers, and, consequently, appear to be fixed by custom.
As William Petty says, labour is the father of material wealth, the earth is its mother. Marx, Capital, Volume I, Chapter One The secret of the expression of value, namely, that all kinds of labour are equal and equivalent, because, and so far as they are human labour in general, cannot be deciphered, until the notion of human equality has already acquired the fixity of a popular prejudice. This, however, is possible only in a society in which the great mass of the produce of labour takes the form of commodities, in which, consequently, the dominant relation between man and man, is that of owners of commodities.
Marx, Capital, Volume I, Chapter One A commodity appears, at first sight, a very trivial thing, and easily understood. Since monogamy was caused by economic conditions, will it disappear when these causes are abolished? One might reply, not without reason: For with the transformation of the means of production into collective propertywagelabor will also disappear, and with it the proletariat and the necessity for a certain, statistically ascertainable number of women to surrender for money.
Prostitution disappears and monogamy, instead of going out of existence, at last becomes a reality—for men also. At all events, the situation will be very much changed for men.
But also that of women, and of all women, will be considerably altered. With the transformation of the means of production into collective property the monogamous family ceases to be the economic unit of society.
The private household changes to a social industry. The care and educatlon of children become? Society cares equally well for all children, legal or illegal. This removes the care about the " consequences " which now forms the essential social factor— moral and economic—hindering a girl to surrender unconditionally to the beloved man.
Will not this be sufficient cause for a gradual rise of a more unconventional intercourse of the sexes and a more lenient public opinion regarding virgin honor and female shame?
And finally, did we not see that in the modern world monogamy and prostitution, though antitheses, are inseparable and poles of the same social condition? Can prostitution disappear without engulfing at the same time monogamy?
The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State as translated by Ernest Untermann ; Full English text of The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State - Full original-language German text of The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State The only difference as compared with the old, outspoken slavery is this, that the worker of today seems to be free because he is not sold once for all, but piecemeal by the daythe weekthe yearand because no one owner sells him to another, but he is forced to sell himself in this way instead, being the slave of no particular personbut of the whole property -holding class.
It is no longer a question anywhere of inventing interconnections from out of our brainsbut of discovering them in the facts. Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor.
By proletariat, the class of modern wage laborers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live. All I know is that I am not a Marxist. Letter to Conrad Schmidt  August 5, What each individual wills is obstructed by everyone else, and what emerges is something that no one willed. Letter to Jean-Richard Bloch  September 21, People think they have taken quite an extraordinarily bold step forward when they have rid themselves of belief in hereditary monarchy and swear by the democratic republic.
In realityhowever, the state is nothing but a machine for the oppression of one class by another, and indeed in the democratic republic no less than in the monarchy.
Dank Memes and Gifs
Introduction to edition of Karl Marx's, The Civil War in France The first act by virtue of which the State really constitutes itself the representative of the whole of society—the taking possession of the means of production in the name of society—this is, at the same timeits last independent act as a State.
State interference in social relations becomes, in one domain after another, superfluousand then dies out of itself; the government of persons is replaced by the administration of thingsand by the conduct of processes of production. Political economy came into being as a natural result of the expansion of tradeand with its appearance elementary, unscientific huckstering was replaced by a developed system of licensed fraudan entire science of enrichment.
Das Merkantilsystem hatte noch eine gewisse unbefangene, katholische Geradheit und verdeckte das unsittliche Wesen des Handels nicht im mindesten. An die Stelle der katholischen Geradheit trat protestantische Gleisnerei. The Mercantile System still had a certain artless Catholic candour and did not in the least conceal the immoral nature of trade.
But when the economic LutherAdam Smithcriticised past economics things had changed considerably. Protestant hypocrisy took the place of Catholic candour. Je freundschaftlicher, desto vorteilhafter. Naturally, it is in the interest of the trader to be on good terms with the one from whom he buys cheap as well as with the other to whom he sells dear. A nation therefore acts very imprudently if it fosters feelings of animosity in its suppliers and customers.
The more friendlythe more advantageous. Such is the humanity of trade. And this hypocritical way of misusing morality for immoral purposes is the pride of the free-trade system. You have destroyed the small monopolies so that the one great basic monopoly, property, may function the more freely and unrestrictedly.
You have civilised the ends of the earth to win new terrain for the deployment of your vile avarice. You have brought about the fraternisation of the peoples — but the fraternity is the fraternity of thieves.
Wo seid ihr sittlich gewesen, ohne interessiert zu sein, ohne unsittliche, egoistische Motive im Hintergrund zu hegen? You have reduced the number of wars — to earn all the bigger profits in peaceto intensify to the utmost the enmity between individuals, the ignominious war of competition! When have you done anything out of pure humanityfrom consciousness of the futility of the opposition between the general and the individual interest?
When have you been moral without being interested, without harbouring at the back of your mind immoral, egoistical motives? By dissolving nationalities, the liberal economic system had done its best to universalise enmityto transform mankind into a horde of ravenous beasts for what else are competitors?
For the economist, only that person really demands, only that person is a real consumer, who has an equivalent to offer for what he receives. Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England Page numbers refer to Penguin edition I forsook the company and the dinner- partiesthe port- wine and champagne of the middle-classesand devoted my leisure-hours almost exclusively to the intercourse with plain working men; I am both glad and proud of having done so.
Glad, because thus I was induced to spend many a happy hour in obtaining a knowledge of the realities of life—many an hour, which else would have been wasted in fashionable talk and tiresome etiquette ; proud, because thus I got an opportunity of doing justice to an oppressed and calumniated class of men who with all their faults and under all the disadvantages of their situationyet command the respect of every one but an English money -monger.
What the proletarian needshe can obtain only from this bourgeoisie, which is protected in its monopoly by the power of the state. The proletarian is, therefore, in law and in fact, the slave of the bourgeoisie, which can decree his life or death. Fine freedom, where the proletarian has no other choice than that of either accepting the conditions which the bourgeoisie offers him, or of starvingof freezing to death, of sleeping naked among the beasts of the forests!
The only difference as compared with the old, outspoken slavery is this, that the worker of today seems to be free because he is not sold once for all, but piecemeal by the daythe weekthe yearand because no one owner sells him to another, but he is forced to sell himself in this way instead, being the slave of no particular person, but of the whole property-holding class. For it nothing exists in this world, except for the sake of money, itself not excluded.
It knows no bliss save that of rapid gainno pain save that of losing gold. In the presence of this avarice and lust of gain, it is not possible for a single human sentiment or opinion to remain untainted. They are herded into great cities where they breathe a fouler air than in the countryside which they have left.
How is it possible that the poorer classes can remain healthy and have a reasonable expectation of life under such conditions? What can one expect but that they should suffer from continual outbreaks of epidemics and an excessively low expectation of life? The physical condition of the workers shows a progressive deterioration. Full text in English Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat.