Haydn and Mozart - Wikipedia
The relationship between Haydn and Mozart was truly one of the greatest artistic friendships in history. Haydn was In AppSign In. Franz Joseph Haydn ( composer) What are the similarities between Joseph Haydn and Mozart? 1, Views. Mozart and Haydn's Beautiful, Selfless Friendship in entrusting his labor of love in the hands of his dear friend and mentor Joseph Haydn. circles of platonic relationships and arrived at the center of a deep friendship. Discover the story of Classical Era Austrian composer, Franz Joseph Haydn, who was an influence on other masters such as Beethoven and Mozart. of Mozart, but the two had a close relationship and high mutual regard.
Mozart, in contrast, has been called sensitive, vivacious, arrogant, and impressionable. The most obvious differences between Mozart and Haydn occur as a direct result of their lineage and other circumstances surrounding their youth. By the age of six, Mozart and Haydn had both displayed considerable natural talent; however, their prospects for wealth and fame were vastly different. Getting a commission or control of an orchestra was a lofty goal.
Any successful composer would, by necessity, have to be intelligent and it is natural to assume that either Mozart or Haydn could have been successful at endeavors other than music, yet each was led to music by circumstance, if not fate. Mathias had a good tenor voice and had learned to strum the harp on a trip to Frankfort am Mayn Griesinger The Haydns, though peasants, appear to have been a fairly musical family.
Luckily, for the rest of the world, a distant cousin in the nearby town of Hainburg offered to take the five-year-old boy into his charge. The cousin was a school principal and choirmaster and, as such, was able to provide a fundamental knowledge of music, including training on almost all wind and string instruments. Still, it was not a pleasant circumstance for Haydn.
The cousin had a growing family of his own and only a modest salary to support them. Haydn is quoted as saying "I shall owe it to that man even in my grave that he taught me so many things, though in the process I received more floggings than food.
At the age of eight, Joseph was offered a position as a chorister at the most important church in Vienna, St. After his voice finally broke at age 17, rather than become a castrati over the objections of his father Griesingerhe was discharged from the choir and left to his own devices.
Chapter 15: The Late Eighteenth Century: Haydn and Mozart
Mozart, on the other hand, was born to a well respected family. Leopold saw "a faint hope of achieving the desired social advancement that he had only partly fulfilled by his own efforts Elias 69 " and set young Wolfgang on an intensive curriculum of musical studies.
By the age of five, he was composing music; at six he was a keyboard virtuoso. While Mozart was still In his teens, Leopold secured for his son a salaried position as Konzertmeister for the Archbiship Colloredo of Salzburg.
Haydn and Mozart
Though their exchanges were probably somewhat different than depicted in the movie, Amadeus, Mozart was hardly challenged by his assigned tasks and it soon became clear to both Mozart and his father that a change was needed.
Leopold petitioned the Archbishop on behalf of his son and was granted his release. By this time Mozart was twenty-one and ready to break the ties of paternal domination. By the age of twenty-five, though he had failed to secure a court position, he had written three symphonies and a well-received opera.
At odds with his father, he went to Vienna to set about earning a living. Haydn had never traveled more than eighty miles from Vienna until, at the age of sixty, he went to London. Sometimes it is apparent in "thematic invention, but more often in the development of his compositional technique" Schmid Haydn was also influenced by Handel and had a significant influence on Beethoven.
Mozart was influenced by J. Italian opera and Baroque music had a significant impact on both composers. Mozart experienced the pompous and solemn world of the Baroque through his father. The finale of Op. The six quartets of Op.
He foreshadowed Romantic harmony with chromatic progressions and chords. The minuets of Op. The beautiful theme for the slow movement of Op 76, No. Keyboard sonatas Keyboard instruments see Figure Later works explore the dynamic potential of the pianoforte.
Haydn used a clavichord in his early years. The last sonatas show that he was in touch with musical fashion. Haydn's Vocal Music Operas Haydn held his vocal works in higher regard than his instrumental works, unlike the present-day reputation.
Haydn's operas are rarely performed today.
Masses His last six masses are large-scale festive works set for four vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra with trumpets and timpani. Haydn retains traditional elements, such as fugal writing, and incorporates symphonic elements. Some of the Masses reflect the pervading warlike atmosphere.Composer Biography - Franz Joseph Haydn
Inspired, he created two masterful oratorios. Haydn's Depiction of Chaos at the beginning of The Creation is remarkable for its harmonies and drama see Example Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart see Biography, p. Mozart's father, Leopold, was a performer and composer for the archbishop of Salzburg. Leopold promoted the musical lives of young Mozart and his talented sister Nannerl see Figure Mozart toured throughout Europe and was exposed to international styles see Figure In Paris, he became interested in the keyboard works of Johann Schobert.
In London, he met J. Bach, whose music had a lasting influence on him.
:: Welcome to Concise History of Western Music, 3rd Edition ::
In Italy, he assimilated operatic traditions, was influenced by Sammartini, and studied counterpoint with Padre Martini. In Vienna, he came into contact with Haydn's music. After touring, Mozart lived primarily in Salzburg He traveled with his mother to Munich, Augsburg, Mannheim, and Paris in His hopes for a good position came to nothing. His mother died in July He received a commission from Munich to compose Idomeneoan opera seria that reflects the reformist trends of Gluck.
Music of the Salzburg Years Piano sonatas Mozart composed thirteen of his piano sonatas and several sets of piano variations in Salzburg, including Ah, vous dirais-je maman, K. The variations were written for pupils; sonatas were part of Mozart's concert repertory.
The "Rondo alla turca" finale imitates the Janissary music of Turkish military bands. Other instrumental music see In Context: Mozart supported himself through a variety of activities He frequently performed in private and public concerts. He took piano and composition students. Due to his declining income and mismanaging of funds, Mozart developed financial problems. Musical style His works achieved a perfect synthesis of form and content, of galant and learned style, and of charm and emotional depth.
Haydn, Bach, and Handel The music of J.
Bach was brought to Mozart's attention through Baron van Swieten, and Mozart responded with increased contrapuntal textures. Swieten also introduced Mozart to Handel. The Haydn quartets Mozart published six string quartets dedicated to Joseph Haydn in The themes remain Italianate in their tunefulness, but they are subjected to intense motivic development.
Quintets Some of Mozart's finest chamber works are the quintets for two violins, two violas, and cello, particularly the C Major K.