Mental illness and substance abuse relationship

Mental Health and Drug Abuse -

mental illness and substance abuse relationship

Mental Illness and Substance Abuse. The relationship between mental illness and addiction is often misunderstood. Posted Apr 02, SHARE · TWEET. Mental health issues are often intertwined with substance abuse and Studies have investigated this connection and found that potential. When two disorders or illnesses occur in the same person, the science in the comorbidity of substance use disorders with mental illness and.

mental illness and substance abuse relationship

Encouragingly, an increasing number of specialized drug and alcohol rehab centers are now focusing their treatment efforts on those with dual diagnosis conditions.

Suffering under the weight of a dual diagnosis should never preclude seeking effective substance abuse treatment. To find out more information about programs that can simultaneously address substance abuse and mental health issues, call Who Answers? Substances Abused by Clients with Co-Occurring Disorders Of these clients in drug treatment centers with comorbid disorders, over half were treated for alcohol abuse or dependence.

Again, many of these clients abused more than one drug, so alcohol could be just a part of that equation. Marijuana follows, then opiates, cocaine, and methamphetamine. Tranquilizers defined as benzodiazepines like XanaxKlonopin, and Valium were below 10 percent, while sedatives defined as barbiturates like Amytal, or sleep aids such as Restoril and Halcion added up to only 0.

Still, the similarity between the percentages of drugs most commonly used and drugs most commonly abused by clients with dual diagnoses further suggests that use of these drugs, when paired with another mental disorder, can lead to abuse or dependence and land clients in drug treatment centers.

Number of Clients at Drug Treatment Centers per k Inthere were 1, clients in drug treatment centers in the United States. On average, this means that there were people in treatment for everypeople. Drug abuse transcends all regional boundaries, but some states seemed to have a higher concentration of clients than others.

For example, without taking population into account, California had the highest number of clients in treatment; however, when calculating per capita, the results are much different. Rhode Island had the most clients perpopulation at The states with the least amount of clients perpeople were Texas There seems to be a high amount of clients in the Northeast versus the South.

Mental Health and Drug Abuse

The question arises whether some states have more clients because of higher rates of addiction or whether some states simply have more treatment centers than others and consequently treat more clients including out-of-state clients. Total Number of Drug Treatment Centers per k Inthere were also 14, drug treatment centers throughout the country.

The national average was 5. Again, some states — CaliforniaNew Yorkand Floridaspecifically — had the highest number of treatment centers; however, total population counts skewed these numbers. Maine had the highest number of treatment centers perat The states with the lowest amount of treatment centers per capita included Texas 1. Interestingly, Maine had the most treatment centers perpeople as well as the third-most clients perresidents, suggesting perhaps a supply and demand situation.

Texas had the lowest amount of treatment centers per capita as well as the least clients per capita — another correlation. The South, again — with the exception of Florida — seemed to lack treatment centers as well as clients; perhaps the addicted population in that region seeks treatment elsewhere. Such observations have been made in the genetic and biochemical studies that have explored the underlying mechanisms of emergence of psychiatric disorders among individuals with drug use disorders.

Additionally, the mental health complications associated with alcohol and drug use could act as a stressor and contribute to the emergence of psychiatric issues like depressive disorder and anxiety disorders.

It has been documented that use of alcohol and other drugs can worsen the psychiatric symptoms and even induce re-emergence of the symptoms among those who are in remission.

Relationship of Mental Health and Illness in Substance Abuse Patients

Substance Abuse May Be an Attempt to Escape the Symptoms of Mental Illness The self-medication hypothesis of drug use among patients with psychiatric disorders states that individuals with psychiatric disorders may attempt to reduce their 'tension' by using psychoactive substances. For example, those with social anxiety disorders may resort to alcohol use in order to address the anxiety experienced while interacting with others.

Similarly, individuals experiencing distressing symptoms such as auditory hallucinations may use substances to avoid the distress.

mental illness and substance abuse relationship

Some individuals also report the use of psychoactive substances in order to manage the adverse effects associated with psychiatric medicines prescribed for the treatment of the underlying mental health condition. Self-medication in anxiety disorders has been associated with a substantial risk of developing a substance use disorder. If you or someone you love is suffering from a mental health condition that has caused their drug use to spiral out of control, or alternatively, drug use is causing depression or anxiety, you need help today.

Our treatment support providers can help you find a treatment program that addresses both conditions simultaneously, please call Who Answers? Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Share a Common Cause There is a growing body of evidence that suggests that psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders might share a common etiology.

The Connection Between Substance Abuse and Mental Illness

It has been postulated that common genetic factors might be shared across the psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders. For example, a common genetic susceptibility may explain dopamine dysregulation in substance abuse and mental illness. Various environmental factors are also shared across psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders. Early childhood trauma, stress and early exposure to psychoactive substances have been identified as predisposing factors for both psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders.

Similar brain regions have also been implicated in the development of psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders.

mental illness and substance abuse relationship

It takes time to tease out what might be a mental disorder and what might be a drug or alcohol problem. The signs and symptoms also vary depending upon both the mental health problem and the type of drug being abused. For example, the signs of depression and marijuana abuse could look very different from the signs of schizophrenia and alcohol abuse. However, there are some general warning signs that you may have a co-occurring disorder: Do you use alcohol or drugs to cope with unpleasant memories or feelings, to control pain or the intensity of your moods, to face situations that frighten you, or to stay focused on tasks?

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Issues

Have you noticed a relationship between your substance use and your mental health? For example, do you get depressed when you drink? Has someone in your family grappled with either a mental disorder or alcohol or drug abuse? Do you have unresolved trauma or a history of abuse? Have you previously been treated for either your addiction or your mental health problem? Did the substance abuse treatment fail because of complications from your mental health issue or vice versa?

mental illness and substance abuse relationship

Dual diagnosis and denial Complicating a dual diagnosis is denial. Denial is common in substance abuse. Denial frequently occurs in mental disorders as well.

The symptoms of depression or anxiety can be frightening, so you may ignore them and hope they go away. Or you may be ashamed or afraid of being viewed as weak if you admit you have a problem.

  • The Connection Between Substance Abuse & Mental Illness
  • The Connection Between Mental Illness and Substance Abuse
  • Common Comorbidities with Substance Use Disorders

But substance abuse and mental health issues can happen to any of us. And admitting you have a problem and seeking help is the first step on the road to recovery.