Nurse patient relationship stages and theories

nurse patient relationship stages and theories

A therapeutic nurse-patient relationship is a supportive interaction that moves a patient toward wellness. It's based on trust, respect, interest. The phases of Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations are applicable to the There are many similarities between the nurse and patient relationship and that. Peplau's theory explains the phases of interpersonal process, roles in nursing situations The nurse and patient work together so both become mature and Identified four sequential phases in the interpersonal relationship.

Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic. A therapeutic nurse-patient relationship is a supportive interaction that moves a patient toward wellness.

It's based on trust, respect, interest, and empathy. Learn how to use these components to move patients through each phase of the relationship. Nurse-Patient Relationship Even as small children, we learn that friends make the world feel safe and fun. True friends are trusted with our secrets and respect our privacy. Through their actions and words, friends encourage us to reach our goals and comfort us when we have a setback.

nurse patient relationship stages and theories

In a lot of ways, a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship is like a friendship. This professional interaction is a caring relationship that supports a patient's well-being. A successful nurse-patient relationship is based on trust and respect, much like a friendship. In this lesson, we'll look at these components and others and show how they can be used to help a patient move through the different phases of a therapeutic nurse-patient relationship.

Components There are many skills to learn when studying to become a nurse. One of the most important skills is how to create a therapeutic relationship with patients.

To do this, a nurse must master a few key components, including trust and respect. As a nurse, you should introduce yourself to your patients and refer to the patient by name. These seemingly small gestures display an air of friendliness, caring, and approachability, which can go a long way toward making a patient feel safe.

nurse patient relationship stages and theories

When you maintain eye contact with a patient, you continue to foster trust and respect as your relationship progresses. It's also important to respect a patient's boundaries.

Nurses assist clients to achieve their health related goals including improving their relationship with others. The relationship between nurse and client is a powerful healing force by itself. Self-awareness Self-awareness is an internal evaluation of one self and of one's reactions to emotionally charged situations, people and places. It offers an opportunity to recognize how our attitudes, perceptions, past and present experiences, and relationships frame or distort interactions with others.

An example of self-awareness would be acknowledging that showing anger is not a sign of weakness, because there were emotions outside of your control.

Peplau’s Theory – A Nurse/Patient Collaboration

Nurses need self-awareness in this relationship to be able to relate to the patient's experiences to develop empathy. Attributes such as being genuine, warm and respectful are a few to mention. An aspect of respect is respecting an individual's culture and ensuring open-mindedness is being incorporated all throughout the relationship up until the termination phase.

It is highly beneficial for the client to incorporate their family, as they may be the most effective support system. Revealing your whole self and being genuine with clients will accomplish the desired nurse client relationship.

In addition, the nurse may also reduce distance to demonstrate their desire in being involved, restating and reflecting to validate the nurse's interpretation of the client's message, directing the conversation towards important topics by focusing in on them.

Peplau's Theory - A Nurse/Patient Collaboration - Ausmed

Furthermore, being polite and punctual displays respect for the client in addition to remembering to be patient, understanding, also to praise and encourage the client for their attempts to take better care of their health. One of the non-verbal factors is listening. Listening behaviours are identified as S.

R; S-sit squarely in relation to client, O-maintain an open position and do not cross arms or legs, L-lean slightly towards the client, E-maintain reasonable and comfortable eye contact, R-relax. These behaviours are effective for communication skills, and are useful for thinking about how to listen to another person.

Empathy Having the ability to enter the perceptual world of the other person and understanding how they experience the situation is empathy. This is an important therapeutic nurse behaviour essential to convey support, understanding and share experiences. Patients are expecting a nurse who will show interest, sympathy, and an understanding of their difficulties. When receiving care patients tend to be looking for more than the treatment of their disease or disability, they want to receive psychological consideration.

During hard times, clients are looking for a therapeutic relationship that will make their treatment as less challenging as possible. Many patients are aware that a solution to their problems may not be available but expect to have support through them and that this is what defines a positive or negative experience.

Past experiences can help the clinician can better understand issues in order to provide better intervention and treatment. The goal of the nurse is to develop a body of knowledge that allows them to provide cultural specific care. This begins with an open mind and accepting attitude.

Cultural competence is a viewpoint that increases respect and awareness for patients from cultures different from the nurse's own.

Cultural sensitivity is putting aside our own perspective to understand another person's perceptive. Caring and culture are described as being intricately linked. It is important to assess language needs and request for a translation service if needed and provide written material in the patient's language. As well as, trying to mimic the patient's style of communication e. Another obstacle is stereotyping, a patient's background is often multifaceted encompassing many ethic and cultural traditions.

In order to individualize communication and provide culturally sensitive care it is important to understand the complexity of social, ethnic, cultural and economic.

This involves overcoming certain attitudes and offering consistent, non-judgemental care to all patients. Accepting the person for who they are regardless of diverse backgrounds and circumstances or differences in morals or beliefs.

By exhibiting these attributes trust can grow between patient and nurse.

Nurse–client relationship - Wikipedia

It includes nurses working with the client to create goals directed at improving their health status. A partnership is formed between nurse and client.

The nurse empowers patient and families to get involved in their health. To make this process successful the nurse must value, respect and listen to clients as individuals. Focus should be on the feelings, priorities, challenges, and ideas of the patient, with progressive aim of enhancing optimum physical, spiritual, and mental health. It is stated that it is the nurse's job to report abuse of their client to ensure that their client is safe from harm. Nurses must intervene and report any abusive situations observed that might be seen as violent, threatening, or intended to inflict harm.

Nurses must also report any health care provider's behaviors or remarks towards clients that are perceived as romantic, or sexually abusive.

Interviews were done with participants from Southern Ontario, ten had been hospitalized for a psychiatric illness and four had experiences with nurses from community-based organizations, but were never hospitalized. The participants were asked about experiences at different stages of the relationship. The research described two relationships that formed the "bright side" and the "dark side".

The "bright" relationship involved nurses who validated clients and their feelings. For example, one client tested his trust of the nurse by becoming angry with her and revealing his negative thoughts related to the hospitalization. The client stated, "she's trying to be quite nice to me For example, one client stated, "The nurses' general feeling was when someone asks for help, they're being manipulative and attention seeking ".

Nurse–client relationship

One patient reported, "the nurses all stayed in their central station. They didn't mix with the patients The only interaction you have with them is medication time". One participant stated, "no one cares. It's just, they don't want to hear it. They don't want to know it; they don't want to listen". These findings bring awareness about the importance of the nurse—client relationship. Building trust[ edit ] Building trust is beneficial to how the relationship progresses.

Mental Health Nursing: Nurse-Client Relationship

Wiesman used interviews with 15 participants who spent at least three days in intensive care to investigate the factors that helped develop trust in the nurse—client relationship. Patients said nurses promoted trust through attentiveness, competence, comfort measures, personality traits, and provision of information.

nurse patient relationship stages and theories

Every participant stated the attentiveness of the nurse was important to develop trust. One said the nurses "are with you all the time. Whenever anything comes up, they're in there caring for you". They took time to do little things and made sure they were done right and proper," stated one participant. One client stated, "they were there for the smallest need. I remember one time where they repositioned me maybe five or six times in a matter of an hour".