Osteoporosis Solutions | Peak Bone Mass
Powerpoint Templates Page 1 Peak Bone Mass Rakesh PEAK BONE MASS Rakesh. no profile picture user Powerpoint Templates Page 3 Peak Bone Mass and osteoporosis • The World Health Organization (WHO) explored by studying the variability of individual aBMD values in relation with age. It is important to promote bone health at all ages; Childhood and young adulthood are the bone building years; As children grow, their bone mass increases until. By our early twenties, peak bone mass (maximum bone density) is achieved – this is when our bones are at their strongest. Building a higher peak bone mass.
When it comes to bone health, nutrition is key, but so is exercise. A lack of exercise and specifically weight-bearing exercise, plays a vital role in deteriorating bone health. But when it comes to osteoporosis in men, some sports are better than others. This study suggested that spending just four hours per week playing a load-bearing sport helped the men increase their hip bone density by as much as 1.
This was especially critical when viewed against the discouraging data of sedentary men who lost as much as 2. Participating in regular exercise for men is important for the fight against osteoporosis.
But if you are living with a chronic disease, it may affect your bone health too. There are two main types of osteoporosis: Primary osteoporosis is known as either being age-related osteoporosis, or an unknown cause.
Secondary osteoporosis on the other hand is when the loss of bone is caused by certain lifestyle behaviors, diseases or medications. Unfortunately, there is a long list of medical conditions or diseases that lead to low bone mass. They range from conditions such as diabetes, cystic fibrosis to blood disorders such as anemia.
Osteoporosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
If you are taking medication, it may contribute to bone loss. The following are just a few classes of medications that are currently known to play a cause in osteoporosis: NSAIDS — Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs pain relief, especially arthritic pain Corticosteroids a wide variety of conditions Aromatase Inhibitors cancer treatment Anticonvulsants epilepsy, bipolar, neuropathic pain For the full list, check out our in-depth blog post: Drugs That Cause Osteoporosis.
You age, genetic predisposition or gender. But you can control your lifestyle. And there are certain lifestyle factors that contribute to bone loss. A majority of the studies that have been done trying to establish a link between smoking and bone health have had a few common evidences and they are: The more the number of years one smokes, the greater their chances of fractures in old age Older men and women who smoke have significant bone loss than those who do not in the same age group.
Fractures, when they do occur in smokers, take longer to heal when compared to non-smokers. Compared with nonsmokers, women who smoke often produce less estrogen and tend to experience menopause earlier, which may lead to increased bone loss.
It will not only be better for an overall healthier you, but your bones. Another lifestyle factor that may contribute to bone loss is consuming alcohol in excess. Particularly, 3 oz 3 glasses or more per day has been shown to negatively impact your bones.
On the other hand, research has shown that moderate alcohol consumption glasses per dayparticularly wine, may actually benefit your bones.
Further lifestyle factors include little or no exercise and a lack of bone-building nutrients discussed above. Researchers have shown that a lack of sleep in rats can halt bone formation and decrease bone density. They suggest that this can also be true in humans.
Sleep deprivation can affect how your bones repair themselves. Where Do Men Get Osteoporosis? But after age 75, the incidence of hip fractures in men sharply increases. And the first 12 months after a hip fracture, men have a higher mortality rate than women. Vertebral fractures are also more common in men under the age of 50, but after 50, vertebral fracture incidence is higher in women. While these areas hip and vertebrae have a higher incidence depending on age, men can get osteoporosis in all of the common osteoporosis area sites.
Men and women can also get osteoporosis in other areas too, such as the forearm and shoulders. During adolescence, the different musculoskeletal effects of testosterone and estrogen in males and females begin to emerge. In males, the changes of muscle and bone during puberty is due to increasing levels of testosterone and IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor, which plays a role in bone growth and development. This results in increased muscle mass and strength.
Want to share this on your blog? Because skeletal fragility in old age has to do with peak bone mass in young adulthood.
And males tend to accrue a higher peak bone mass. This is due to the fact that before puberty, males and females gain bone mass at similar rates. But after puberty, males tend to acquire more bone mass.
A study examining women and men age years assessed gender difference in bone geometry and volumetric BMD in the lumbar spine, femoral neck, distal radius and distal tibia. And while bone area increased equally over life in both sexes, men increased more in peripheral sites. Age-related bone changes are complex. But because men generally have a higher peak bone mass it may explain in large part why fragility fractures are more common in elderly women than elderly men.Osteoporosis Exercises for Spine Strength and Posture
Risk Factors There are many risk factors for osteoporosis such as gender, diet, hormones and physical activity. Factors that are linked to an increased risk in men include but are not limited to: Having a family member with osteoporosis puts you at greater risk as osteoporosis is genetic.
Such as anti-depressants and treatment for prostate cancer may affect your bone health. Such as smoking, lack of sleep, low calcium intake and inadequate exercise can increase your risk of fragility fracture. Caucasian men seem to be at a higher risk of osteoporosis. Although all men can develop osteoporosis. Such as diabetes, anemia, low testosterone levels, hyperparathyroidism can lead to bone loss. Bone Density and Signs of Bone Loss Bone density or bone mineral density is the amount of bone mineral in your bone tissue.
Healthy bone looks compact and strong, while bones with osteoporosis are spongy and weak.
Everything You Need to Know About Osteoporosis in Men
To measure your bone density, the gold standard test is called a DEXA scanwhich we will discuss in the section below. While osteoporosis has many risk factors like the ones above, there are no signs or symptoms, making it difficult to pinpoint.
- Peak Bone Mass
- Peak bone mass and osteoporosis prevention.
But there are a couple of physical signs of bone loss. Or what some people call their life or life lines. By simply using a mirror and looking at the depth of your face and neck skin wrinkles, researchers have learned that it is a rather accurate picture of bone density.
So how can you tell? According to a study published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery wrinkles are caused by collagen depletion. Remember, both your skin and bones are largely composed of type 2 collagen.
Osteoporosis in Men - Everything You Need to Know
Also, wrinkles can be caused by deteriorating facial bones. Prevention Good nutrition and regular exercise are essential for keeping your bones healthy throughout your life. Protein Protein is one of the building blocks of bone. And while most people get plenty of protein in their diets, some do not.
Vegetarians and vegans can get enough protein in the diet if they intentionally seek suitable sources, such as soy, nuts, legumes, and dairy and eggs if allowed.
Older adults may also eat less protein for various reasons. Protein supplementation is an option. Body weight Being underweight increases the chance of bone loss and fractures. Excess weight is now known to increase the risk of fractures in your arm and wrist. As such, maintaining an appropriate body weight is good for bones just as it is for health in general. Calcium Men and women between the ages of 18 and 50 need 1, milligrams of calcium a day.
This daily amount increases to 1, milligrams when women turn 50 and men turn Good sources of calcium include: Low-fat dairy products Canned salmon or sardines with bones Soy products, such as tofu Calcium-fortified cereals and orange juice If you find it difficult to get enough calcium from your diet, consider taking calcium supplements.
However, too much calcium has been linked to kidney stones. Although yet unclear, some experts suggest that too much calcium especially in supplements can increase the risk of heart disease. The Institute of Medicine recommends that total calcium intake, from supplements and diet combined, should be no more than 2, milligrams daily for people older than Vitamin D Vitamin D improves your body's ability to absorb calcium and improves bone health in other ways.
People can get adequate amounts of vitamin D from sunlight, but this may not be a good source if you live in a high latitude, if you're housebound, or if you regularly use sunscreen or avoid the sun entirely because of the risk of skin cancer.
Scientists don't yet know the optimal daily dose of vitamin D for each person.