India and World Trade Organization (WTO)
Teresita Schaffer is working on a book called India at the International High Table , But this experience suggests that India's relations with the WTO and with. MEMBER INFORMATION: India and the WTO - This page gathers key information on India's participation in the WTO. India has been a WTO member since 1. The World Trade Organization (WTO) deals with the global rules of trade between nations. India has to compete with ASEAN and others around.
The effect of environmental measures on market access, especially in relation to developing countries, in particular to the least-developed among them, and environmental benefits of removing trade restrictions and distortions.
WTO | India - Member information
Issue of export of domestically prohibited goods DPGs Item 8: The work programme envisaged in the decision on Trade in Services and the Environment. Inputs to the relevant bodies in respect of appropriate arrangements for relations with intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations referred to in Article V of the WTO Agreement.
Protection of biodiversity and traditional knowledge — The Indian experience. The negotiations shall be limited in scope to the applicability of such existing WTO rules as among parties to the MEA in question.
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
The negotiations shall not prejudice the WTO rights of any Member that is not a party to the MEA in question; procedures for regular information exchange between MEA Secretariats and the relevant WTO committees, and the criteria for the granting of observer status; and the reduction or, as appropriate, elimination of tariff and non-tariff barriers to environmental goods and services.
We note that fisheries subsidies form part of the negotiations provided for in paragraph Para 32 - We instruct the Committee on Trade and Environment, in pursuing work on all items on its agenda within its current terms of reference, to give particular attention to: The effect of environmental measures on market access, especially in relation to developing countries, in particular the least-developed among them, and those situations in which the elimination or reduction of trade restrictions and distortions would benefit trade, the environment and development; The relevant provisions of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights; and Labelling requirements for environmental purposes.
Paragraph 33 - We recognize the importance of technical assistance and capacity building in the field of trade and environment to developing countries, in particular the least-developed among them. We also encourage that expertise and experience be shared with Members wishing to perform environmental reviews at the national level. A report shall be prepared on these activities for the Fifth Session. It also instructed Members to intensify the negotiations, without prejudging their outcome, on all parts of paragraph 31 to fulfill the mandate.
Regarding paragraph 31 iiithe Declaration instructed Members to complete the work expeditiously. The Ministerial Conference adopted the following declaration on environment negotiations: We reaffirm the mandate in paragraph 31 of the Doha Ministerial Declaration aimed at enhancing the mutual supportiveness of trade and environment and welcome the significant work undertaken in the Committee on Trade and Environment CTE in Special Session.India and WTO (ECO)
We instruct Members to intensify the negotiations, without prejudging their outcome, on all parts of paragraph 31 to fulfill the mandate. We further recognize the work undertaken under paragraph 31 ii towards developing effective procedures for regular information exchange between MEA Secretariats and the relevant WTO committees, and criteria for the granting of observer status. India believes that the term "Specific Trade Obligation" has three elements that must be considered together i.
Thus, any provision in an MEA to qualify as an STO must be specific and mandatory in character, and so precise in its direction that there can be no doubt about the action or restraint that a party to the MEA must adopt. India believes that the mandate given under Paragraph 31 i of the Doha Declaration refers only to the trade measures that are both mandatory and specific in their entirety.
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- India’s Role in World Trade Organisation
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Non-specific provisions cannot qualify as an STO. Also if the provision set out in the MEA does not contain the crucial "obligation" element, such provisions too would fail to qualify. India sees benefit in furtherance of the negotiations in identifying the STOs set out in MEAs prior to discussing its outcome, since it would help appreciate the likely consequences as well as strengthening the logic behind any of the suggested outcomes.
A number of Member countries and groups have made their submissions. The potential criteria, definitions and classification of environmental goods continue to be the subject of intense discussions in the CTE-SS. Domestic policy measures like the operation of minimum support price, public distribution system as well as provision of input subsidies to agriculture have not in any way been constrained by the WTO agreement.
Certain provisions in the Agreement on Agriculture AoA also give us flexibility to provide support for research, pest and disease control, marketing and promotion services, infrastructure development, payments for relief from natural disasters, payments under the regional assistance programmes for disadvantaged regions and payments under environmental programmes. Indian farmers now need to take advantage of the opportunity provided by the AoA, by addressing productivity issues and making their products more competitive globally.
India's Role in World Trade Organisation
WTO and Indian Industries: Indian industry has had to face greater competition in the wake of globalisation. But it has successfully completed, as can be inferred from the fact that there has been no particular surge in imports. In fact, as per the provisional data for our non-oil imports declined by 14 per cent while our exports rose by over 20 per cent in the same period.
A close watch is also being kept to ensure that Indian industry does not have to face unfair competition from dumped or subsidised imports of other countries. As for drug prices, safeguards are provided like compulsory licensing, price controls, and parallel imports which should help address this concern.
It must also be recognised that the prices of medicines are influenced by several factors including the level of competition, size of market, purchasing capacity etc. The issue of affordable access to treatment for AIDS, which has gathered international attention in recent months, is hopefully a pointer in the right direction. The TRIPS agreement should not be allowed to hinder the efforts of developing countries to provide affordable access to medicines.
The apex Indian organisations representing various industries are sincerely working towards ensuring a gainful transition with least disadvantage into the global economy. The government also has to strive to improve infrastructure and provide a facilitating environment for inducing acceleration in trade.
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Developed countries have been putting pressures on inclusion of non-trade issues such as labour standards, environment protection, human rights, rules on investment, competition policy in the WTO agreements.
This is because by asserting that particular developing countries are not observing and implementing the rules in regard to the non-trade issues so that the developed countries can ban the imports of some goods in their countries, as the USA has been trying to do so from time to time. We are against any inclusion of non-trade issues that are directed in the long run at enforcing protectionist measures, particularly against developing countries.