The relationship between teacher and student differs

the relationship between teacher and student differs

The relationship between a student and teacher is, from the teacher's perspective , a professional one. The teacher's job is to be sure that the student, to the best. Free Essay: The Relationship Between Teachers and Students What should the relationship be, between students and teachers in the classroom? The answer. Relationship between student, teacher, classroom characteristics and students' individualized quality which differs from school to school (Standaert, ).

The weaknesses and gaps in prior research are highlighted and the importance of addressing the multi-dimensional and context-bound nature of teacher—student relationships is proposed. A possible agenda for future research is outlined. Subsequent research has demonstrated that quality relationships have an impact on human beings with respect to motivation, social competence and wellbeing in general e.

In this article, we focus on the higher education or university context, and on one particularly significant relationship within that setting: There are far fewer studies on TSR in higher education than in the school context.

We argue that the investigation of TSR should be extended, as it is important for higher-education research for at least three reasons: Secondly, the need to belong also affects university teachers.

Teacher–student relationship at university: an important yet under-researched field

For example, the quality, establishment, and effects of social factors such as TSR should be explored in greater depth, given their likelihood as preconditions of excellence in teaching and learning at university. However, they address aspects of TSR only indirectly and superficially, such as asking about academic support e. Thus, we conclude that research on TSR in higher education should be an integral part of the larger body of research and discourse on the quality of teaching and learning in higher education.

The aim of this article is to analyse critically previous research on TSR in higher education and to identify several areas in which empirical evidence is limited. Prior investigations of the concept of TSR have originated from various research traditions, including educational and psychological theories and communication research. This review focuses exclusively on research from an educational or psychological perspective. Following a brief description of the literature search methodology, the article is organised in four parts.

First, we address the quality of TSR in higher education.

the relationship between teacher and student differs

Second, we examine studies that have explored the consequences of TSR, focusing on the effect of TSR on students, as teacher effect is almost absent from empirical research.

Third, we discuss empirical work focusing on the development of TSR and describe how interactions, their frequency and quality may contribute to that process. Fourth, we present a heuristic framework that brings together the aforementioned, and propose an agenda for future research on TSR.

Methodology The selection of relevant literature consisted of two phases. First, a systematic search was undertaken through selected databases in education, psychology and social science ERIC, Psyndex, Psych Info. Second, a snowball procedure involving follow-ups on some of the references cited by the studies identified in the initial search was applied. The inclusion criteria used in this two-phase approach were that papers had to: The quality of TSR In this section, we discuss the conceptual and operational problems associated with the concept of TSR in higher education.

This is followed by an examination of the multi-dimensional and context-dependent nature of TSR. We then review empirical studies that have addressed various aspects of the nature of TSR. Conceptualisation and operationalisation difficulties Conceptualising TSR in higher education is not easy, as the field is under-explored and multifarious.

Teacher-student relationships can have a significant effect on the peer acceptance of students. Conflicting interactions between teachers and students may convey a lack of acceptance, causing other students to also reject the student involved in the conflict with the teacher Hughes et al. Peer rejection significantly impacts self-esteem of students leading to several negative social outcomes Hughes et al. As mentioned earlier, students with high self-esteem are more likely to be self-efficacious and set higher goals Ryan et al.

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Students with high self-esteem are more likely to have positive relationships with peers as well as with adults Orth et al. Self-esteem is especially important during adolescence and helps students develop a positive sense of self Orth et al.

A positive sense of self in adolescence leads to future outcomes including relationship satisfaction, job satisfaction, occupational status, emotional regulation, and physical health Orth et al. The support of positive teacher-student relationships for self-esteem and related social outcomes affects students during schooling as well as in their future educational and occupational outcomes Orth et al.

Conclusion and Limitations Although there is extensive research on the positive effects of teacher-student relationships on elementary school students, there is little research on middle and high school students. Middle and high school is when students begin to think about their academic futures, which are informed by academic achievement and social capital in elementary years Alexander et al. Early high school is usually when students dedicate themselves to graduating or decide to drop out Henry et al.

Currently, high school dropout rates are high, and improving teacher-student relationships for students at this stage may decrease dropout rates Henry et al. Similarly, high school is when students decide if they plan to attend college or stop their education Alexander et al.

Teacher–student relationship at university: an important yet under-researched field

Therefore, it is important to develop positive teacher-student relationships during this time. Empirical evidence does show that teacher-student relationships are very important for high school students Alexander et al.

However, much of this research is dated. Due to the ever-changing nature of the American educational system and the increasingly diverse student body, more current studies are needed to look at the effects of teacher-student relationships for this changing population. Conducting research on the relationship between high school students and teachers may be essential in improving the outcomes of low-income middle and high school students, and can potentially inform future interventions to help older students perform better both academically and socially.

From first grade forward: Early foundations of high school dropout. Sociology of Education, The teacher—student relationship as a developmental context for children with internalizing or externalizing behavior problems. School Psychology Quarterly, 23 1 The exercise of control.

the relationship between teacher and student differs

Attachment and loss, Vol. The ecology of developmental processes. The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. High school dropout and completion rates in the United States: Social capital and dropping out of high school: The Teachers College Record, 4 Applications of social capital in educational literature: Review of Educational Research, 72 1 Educational Psychology, 30 1 Child Development, 72 2 School disengagement as a predictor of dropout, delinquency, and problem substance use during adolescence and early adulthood.

Journal of youth and adolescence, 41 2 Further support for the developmental significance of the quality of the teacher—student relationship. Journal of School Psychology, 39 4 Life-span development of self-esteem and its effects on important life outcomes. Journal of personality and social psychology, 6 Teacher-child relationships and academic achievement: A multi-level propensity score model approach.

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