Political philosophy - Wikipedia
Political science is a classical discipline that deals with the study of various media and public relations jobs, national and international. The aim of this article is to discuss the relation between political philosophy and political science. The development of political science highlighted two main. There was a question about the relation among political science, law and philosophy. Here is what I wrote for that question. I think it applies to this one. This is.
After Pierre Joseph ProudhonBakunin became the most important political philosopher of anarchism. His specific version of anarchism is called collectivist anarchism. The first thinker to analyze social justice in terms of maximization of aggregate individual benefits. Developed the distinction between positive and negative liberty. Irish member of the British parliament, Burke is credited with the creation of conservative thought.
Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France is the most popular of his writings where he denounced the French revolution. Burke was one of the biggest supporters of the American Revolution.
The first thinker to relate ethics to the political order. Helped introduce postmodern philosophy into political theory, and promoted new theories of Pluralism and agonistic democracy. Co-founder of pragmatism and analyzed the essential role of education in the maintenance of democratic government. The major figure of the Chinese Fajia Legalist school, advocated government that adhered to laws and a strict method of administration.
Critiqued the modern conception of power on the basis of the prison complex and other prohibitive institutions, such as those that designate sexuality, madness and knowledge as the roots of their infrastructure, a critique that demonstrated that subjection is the power formation of subjects in any linguistic forum and that revolution cannot just be thought as the reversal of power between classes.
Instigated the concept of hegemony.
Political Science — Humanities and Social Sciences
Argued that the state and the ruling class uses culture and ideology to gain the consent of the classes it rules over. Modern liberal thinker and early supporter of positive freedom. Contemporary democratic theorist and sociologist. He has pioneered such concepts as the public spherecommunicative actionand deliberative democracy. His early work was heavily influenced by the Frankfurt School.
He argued that central planning was inefficient because members of central bodies could not know enough to match the preferences of consumers and workers with existing conditions. Hayek further argued that central economic planning —a mainstay of socialism—would lead to a "total" state with dangerous power. He advocated free-market capitalism in which the main role of the state is to maintain the rule of law and let spontaneous order develop.
Emphasized the "cunning" of history, arguing that it followed a rational trajectory, even while embodying seemingly irrational forces; influenced Marx, KierkegaardNietzscheand Oakeshott. Generally considered to have first articulated how the concept of a social contract that justifies the actions of rulers even where contrary to the individual desires of governed citizenscan be reconciled with a conception of sovereignty. Hume criticized the social contract theory of John Locke and others as resting on a myth of some actual agreement.
Hume was a realist in recognizing the role of force to forge the existence of states and that consent of the governed was merely hypothetical. He also introduced the concept of utilitylater picked up on and developed by Jeremy Bentham. Politician and political theorist during the American Enlightenment. Expanded on the philosophy of Thomas Paine by instrumenting republicanism in the United States. Most famous for the United States Declaration of Independence. Argued that participation in civil society is undertaken not for self-preservation, as per Thomas Hobbesbut as a moral duty.
First modern thinker who fully analyzed structure and meaning of obligation.
Argued that an international organization was needed to preserve world peace. One of the classic anarchist thinkers and the most influential theorist of anarcho-communism. Like Hobbes, described a social contract theory based on citizens' fundamental rights in the state of nature.
He departed from Hobbes in that, based on the assumption of a society in which moral values are independent of governmental authority and widely shared, he argued for a government with power limited to the protection of personal property.
His arguments may have been deeply influential to the formation of the United States Constitution. First systematic analyses of: As a political theorist, he believed in separation of powers and proposed a comprehensive set of checks and balances that are necessary to protect the rights of an individual from the tyranny of the majority.
Called the father of the new left. One of the principal thinkers within the Frankfurt Schooland generally important in efforts to fuse the thought of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx.
Introduced the concept of " repressive desublimation ", in which social control can operate not only by direct control, but also by manipulation of desire. His work Eros and Civilization and notion of a non-repressive society was influential on the s and its counter-cultural social movements. In large part, added the historical dimension to an understanding of society, culture and economics.
Created the concept of ideology in the sense of true or false beliefs that shape and control social actions. Analyzed the fundamental nature of class as a mechanism of governance and social interaction. Profoundly influenced world politics with his theory of communism. One of the most important thinkers in the Confucian school, he is the first theorist to make a coherent argument for an obligation of rulers to the ruled.
A utilitarianand the person who named the system; he goes further than Bentham by laying the foundation for liberal democratic thought in general and modern, as opposed to classical, liberalism in particular. Applications must be completed by mid-January of the year that you wish to start university.
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The KIS contains information which prospective students have identified as useful, such as student satisfaction, graduate outcomes, learning and teaching activities, assessment methods, tuition fees and student finance, accommodation and professional accreditation. Overview Learning and teaching We advocate an enquiry-based approach to learning, which means that we encourage you to become an independent and self-motivated learner. Through the programme of study we offer, we will develop the qualities that employers value in today's university graduates - qualities that will set you apart in your future career.
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Students are expected to 'read-around' the subject matter of their lectures, adding to their understanding and developing their critical faculties and analytical skills. Understanding political communication and culture, in various languages, is thus essential. Both teachers and students of political science move a lot internationally, both physically and intellectually, which highlights the importance of good linguistic skills.
It is possible to pass through the studies in Finnish and English, but usually those specializing in politology acquire skills also in other Nordic languages, German, French, Spanish, Russian, Japanese, Chinese, or some rarer languages. Those who have studied political science have found employment in national and international environments. Some alumni are nationally visible in parliamentary politics, but many more people have located themselves at the European Union, state, provincial and communal levels of administration, both in Finland and abroad.
Furthermore, many other types of occupations are open to them, such as research, adult education, various media and public relations jobs, national and international organizations, as well as cultural entities.
They work also in private enterprises as analysts or content creators.